Bibliography:
Microlending Programs and rural household strategies in Bolivia


BOLIVIA/CONTEXT

Boomegard, James, James Kern, Calvin Miller and Richard Pattern. 1992. A Review of theProspects for Rural Financial Institution Development in Bolivia. Technical Report No. 31. Gemini. Bethesda, Maryland.

CIDA. 1981. Post Report: Bolivia. Operations Service Branch.

Diaz, Gustavo Biruet. 1994. "El Credito Rural en Bolivia" in Credito y Desarrollo Rural enAmerica Latina. La Paz, Bolivia. Fades, SOS FAIM.

Dunkerly, James. Rebellion in the Veins: Political Struggle in Bolivia, 1952-1982. VersoEditions. London, England.

Fisher, William, Jeffrey Poyo and Ann Beasley. 1992. Evaluation of the Micro and SmallEnterprise Development Project in Bolivia. Technical Report No. 42. Gemini. Bethesda,Maryland.

Flores-Oblitas, Juan. 1963. Credito rural y Cooperativismo en Bolivia. La Paz. La SalvadoraLtda.

Galeano, Eduardo. viernes 27 de Octubre, 1995. "Una forma distinta de ver la economia mundialin Presencia. La Paz, Bolivia.

Gill, Lesley. 1987. Peasants, Entrepreneurs and Social Change: Frontier Development inLowland Bolivia. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.

Glosser, Amy. 1994. "The Creation of BancoSol in Bolivia" in The New World of MicroenterpriseFinance: Building Healthy Financial Institutions for the Poor. Maria Otero and Elisabeth Rhyne(Eds.). Kumarian Press. West Hartford, Connecticut.

Lassen. 1988. Landlessnes and Rural Poverty in Latin America: Conditions, Trends and PoliciesAffecting Income and Employment. Cornell University Press. Rural Development Committee,International Studies. Ithaca, New York.

McEwen, William J. 1975. Changing Rural Societies: A study of Communities in Bolivia. OxfordUniversity Press. New York, New York.

Moerner, Magnus. 1985. Andean Past: Land, Societies and Conflicts. Columbia University Press. New York, New York.

Otero, Maria and Elisabeth Rhyne (Eds.). 1994. The New World of Microenterprise Finance: Building Healthy Financial Institutions. Kumarian Press. West Hartford, Connecticut.

Radcliffe, Sarah. 1993. "The role of Gender in Peasant Migration: Conceptual Issues from thePeruvian Andes" in Different Places, Different Voices Gender and Development in Africa, Asiaand Latin America. Routledge Press. London.

Zabalaga, Marcelo. 1994. "Metodologias Comparadas de Credito Rural" in Credito y DesarrolloRural en America Latina. La Paz, Bolivia. Fades, SOS FAIM.


NORTH AMERICAN CASE-STUDIES

Atlantic Opportunities Agency. 1992. The State of Small Business and Entrepreneurship inAtlantic Canada 1992. Second Annual Report. Moncton.

Balkin, S. 1990. "Self-Employment Training Programs for the Poor," in Journal of SmallBusiness Strategy. 1(2).

Baron, Lloyd and Noel Watson. Loan Funds for Small Business: Lessons for Canadian PolicyMakers: A Case Study of Colville Investment Corporation, Nanaimo B.C.. Nanaimo, B.C.

Bowman, Margaret et al. 1987. Measuring Our Impact: Determining Cost-Effectiveness of Non=AAGovernmental Organization Development Projects. Findings Paper Series. TechnoServe,Research, Documentation and Representation Office. Norwalk, CT.

Canadian Labour Force Development Board. 1994. Self-Employment Assistance Program Study. Self Employment Development Initiatives.

Decter, Michael and Jeffrey Kowall. 1989. A Case Study of the Kitsaki Development Corporation. Local Development Papers Series.

Economic Council of Newfoundland and Labrador. 1989. Equity Capital and Economic Development in Newfoundland Labrador. Local Development Papers Series. Developingcommunities: The Local Development Experience in Canada.

Marshall, Kathy. December, 1993. Proposed Framework for Impact Evaluation of Micro-CreditFunds: Calmeadow Foundation. Internal Discussion Paper. University of Guelph. Guelph,Ontario.

O'Regan, Fred and Maureen Conway. March 1993. From the Bottom Up: Toward a Strategy forIncome and Employment Generation Among the Disadvantaged. The Aspen Institute. Washington,D.C.

Palinkas, Lawrence A, Bruce Murray Harris and John S. Petterson. 1985. A Systems Approach toSocial Impact Assessment: Two Alaska Case Studies. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.

Wickham, John, Richard Fuchs and Janet Miller-Pitt. 1989. Where Credit is Due: A Case-Studyof the Eagle River Credit Union. Local Development Paper Series.


COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

Agarwal, Anil and Sunita Narain. 1994. "Toward Green Villages" in Wolfgang Sachs (ed.) GlobalEcology. Zed Books. London, England.

Asamba, Isabelle and Barbara P. Thomas-Slayter. 1991. From Cattle to Coffee: Transformationin Rural Machakos. Ecogen Case Study Series, Clark University. Worcester, Massachusetts.

Hoff, Karla, Avishay Braverman, and Joseph E. Stiglitz. 1993. The Economics of RuralOrganization Theory, Practice and Policy. Oxford University Press. Washington, D.C., U.S.

Korten David. 1987. "Third Generation NGO Strategies: A Key to People-Centred Development"in World Development (15): pp. 145-159. Pergamon Journals Ltd., Great Britain.

Li, Tania Murray. Gender Issues in Community-Based Resource Management: Theories,Applications and Philippine Case Studies. Environment and Resource Management Project. College, Laguna, Philippines. Halifax, Nova Scotia.

McEwen, William J. 1975. Changing Rural Societies: A study of Communities in Bolivia. OxfordUniversity Press. New York, New York.

Melville, J.P. 1994. Community Economic Development: An Economic, Organization and CulturalBehaviour Conundrum. University of Guelph. Guelph, Ontario.

Nozick, Marcia. 1992. No Place Like Home: Building Sustainable Communities. Canadian Councilon Social Development. Ottawa, Ontario.

Tykklainen, Markku and Cecily Neil. 1995. "Socio-Economic Restructuring in ResourceCommunities: Evolving a Comparative Approach" in Community Development Journal. 30(1), pp.31-47.

Urban, Ann-Marie and Mary Hill Rojas. 1994. Shifting Boundaries: Gender, Migration andCommunity Resources in the Foothills of Choluteca, Honduras. Clark University Ecogen Series. Worcester, Massachusetts.


ECONOMIC ANTHROPOLOGY

Folbre, Nancy. 1986. "Cleaning House: New Perspectives on Households and EconomicDevelopment" in Journal of Development Economics. 22(1986), pp. 5-40.

Ellis, Frank. 1988. Peasant Economics: Farm Households and Agrarian Development. CambridgeUniversity Press. Cambridge.

Friedmann, John and Harpinya Rangan (Eds.). 1993. In Defense of Livelihood. Kumarian Press.West Hartford, Connecticut.

International Food Policy Research Institute. 1992. Understanding How Resources areAllocated within Households. World Bank. Washington, D.C.

INSTRAW. 1994. The Intersection of Family, Gender and Economy in the Third World. Issue 20.

Levinson, Marc. April 24, 1995. "Economic Psychology?: Dismal Science Grabs a Couch" in Newsweek.

Meyer, Richard. L and Adelaida P. Alicbusan. 1984. "Farm-Household Het erogeneity and RuralFinancial Markets: Insights from Thailand" in Adams, Dale W., Douglas H. Graham, and J.D. VonPischke (Eds.) Undermining Rural Development With Cheap Credit. Westview Press. Boulder andLondon.

Plattner, Stuart. 1989. Economic Anthropology. Stanford University Press.

Restrepo, Mariano Arango, Saul Mesa Ochoa, Remberto Rhenals Monterrosa, Jaime AlbertoVelasquez Botero. 1991. Una nueva vision de la economia campesina colombiana. Centro deinvestigaciones economicas, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellin,

Roldan, Martha. 1988. "Renegotiating the Marital Contract: Intrahousehold Patterns of MoneyAllocation and women's Subordination Among Domestic Outworkers in Mexico city" in A HomeDivided: Women and Income in the Third World, edited by Daisy Dwyer and Judith Bruce. Stanford University Press. Palo Alto, California.

Sage, Colin. 1993. "Women's Roles under Commodity Relations in Highland Bolivia" in JanetMomsen and Vivian Kinnaird (Eds.) Different Places, Different Voices: Gender and Developmentin Africa, Asia and Latin America. Routledge Press, London, UK.

Shields, M Dale. 1993. Gender, Class, Ecological Decline, and Livelihood Strategies: A CaseStudy of Siquijor Island, the Philippines. Clark University Ecogen Case Study Series. Worcester, Massachusetts.


GENDER ISSUES

Afshar, Haleh (ed.). 1985. Women, Work and Ideology in the Third World. Tavistock PublicationsLtd. London, England.

Aguirre, R. 1988. "las Trabajadores Informales. Mujer Y Trabajo." Montevideo: CentroInterdisciplinario de Estudios sobre el Dessarrollo-Uruguay (CIEDUR). (IADB)

Arriagada, I. 1990. "La participacion desigual del la mujer en el mundo del trabajo." ECLACmagazine 40, (87-104). (IADB)

Ashby, J. 1985. "Women and Agricultural Technology in Latin America and the Carribbean." Background document prepared for the seminar for Center on Women and AgriculturalTechnology. Bellagio, Italia, March 25-29. (IADB)

Ashby, J. and S Gomez. 1985. "Women: Agricultural and Rural Development in Latin America." Alabama: International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC) and Cali: International Center forTropical Agriculture (CIAT). (IADB)

Ayala, V. 1990. "Mujer y empleo en el sector rural: seminar-workshop on the participation offemale labor in the rural sector. Bogota: UNICEF (IADB)

Beneria, Lourdes and Gita Sen. 1982. "Class and Gender Inequalities and Women's Role inEconomic Development--Theoretical and Practical Implications" in Feminist Studies. (8): pp.=D4

Benjamin, Lehn and Shirley Walters. 1994. "The Women can Also Dig the Graves:" The Centralityof "Power" and "Resistance" for Gender Training in South Africa in Convergence. XXVII (2/3): 167-174.

Benton, Jane. 1993. "The Role of Women's Organizations and Groups in Community Development: A Case Study of Bolivia" in in Janet Momsen and Vivian Kinnaird (Eds.) Different Places,Different Voices: Gender and Development in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Routledge Press,London, UK.

Berger, Marguerite & Mayra Buvinic (Eds.). 1989. Women's Ventures. Kumarian Press. WestHartford, Connecticut.

Berger, Marguerite. 1989. "Giving Women Credit: The Strengths and Limitations of Credit asa tool for alleviating poverty," World Development 17(7), pp. 1017-1032.

Blumberg, Rae Lesser. 1994. "The Intersection of Family, Gender and Economy in the ThirdWorld" in INSTRAW News. Vol. 29, pp. 36-44.

Boserup, Ester. 1970. Women's Role in Economic Development. George, Allen and Unwin. London,England.

Braidotti, Rosi, Ewa Charkiewicz, Sabine Hausler and Saskia Wieringa. 1994. Women, theEnvironment and Sustainable Development. Zed Books. London, UK.

Bruce, Judith and Daisy Dwyer (Eds.). 1988. A Home Divided: Women and Income in the ThirdWorld. Standford University Press. Palo Alto, California.

Buvinic, Mayra and Molly Pollack. 1990. Working Women in Latin America. Inter-AmericanDevelopment Bank.

Buvinic, Mayra. 1989. "Investing in Poor Women: The Psychology of Donor Support" in WorldDevelopment. 17(7), pp. 1045-1057.

Carr, Marilyn. 1989. Women and the Food Cycle. Intermediate Technology. London, UK.

Cecelski, Elizabeth, Joy Kunkerley and William Ramsay. 1980. Household Energy and the Poor inthe Third World. Resources for the future. Washington, D.C.

Chant, Sylvia. 1985. "Single Parent Families: Choice or Constraint? The Formation of Female=AAHeaded Households in Mexican Shantytowns" in Development and Change. 16(4), pp. 635-656.

Chant, Sylvia & Lynne Bryndon. 1989. Women in the Third World: Gender Issues and Urban Areas. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey.

CIDA. 1989. Report on CIDA's Progress in Implementing its Women in Development Action Plan.

CIDA. 1989. Women in Development Workshop: Reference Manual.

Downing, Jeanne. 1991. "Gender and the Growth of Microenterprises" in Small EnterpriseDevelopment. (2)1.

Edwards, Beatrice. 1994. "Women, Work and Democracy in Latin America" in Convergence.

Eigen, Johanna. 1992. Assistance to Women's Business--Evaluating the Options.

Goonting, Dennis. 1995. An Impact Evaluation Study on Micro-Credit Intervention: The Caseof the Production Credit for Rural Women Programme in Nepal. University of Guelph. Guelph,Ontario.

Grown, Carena and Jennefer Sebstad. 1989. "Introduction: Toward a Wider Perspective onWomen's Employment" in World Development. 17(7), pp. 937-952.

International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). 1986. Projects For Women in the ThirdWorld: Explaining Their Misbehaviour.

ICRW. 1985. Financing Women in the Third World. Background NGO World Meeting, Kenya. WorldBank. Washington, D.C.

INSTRAW. 1994. The Intersection of Family, Gender and Economy in the Third World. Issue 20.

International Labour Organization. Women in Rural Development: Critical Issues. WorldEmployment Program, Geneva.

Jaquette, Jane S. 1994. The Women's Movement in Latin America: Participation and Democracy.Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.

Jaquette, Jane. 1993. "The Family as a Development Issue" in Women at the Center: Development Issues and Practices for the 1990's, edited by Gay Young, Vidyamali Samarasingheand Ken Kusterer. Kumarian Press. West Hartford, Conneticut.

Jiggins, Janice. 1989. "How Rural Women Earn Income in Sub-Saharan Africa and What WorksAgainst Them" in World Development. 17(7), pp. 953-963.

Kindervatter, Suzanne. 1983. Women Working Together. Overseas Education Fund. Washington,D.C.

Leon de Leal, Magdalena (Directora de la Investigacion). 1980. Mujer Y Capitalismo Agrario. Asocacion colombianan para el estudio de la poblacion. Bogota, Colombia.

Li, Tania Murray. Gender Issues in Community-Based Resource Management: Theories,Applications and Philippine Case Studies. Environment and Resource Management Project. College, Laguna, Philippines. Halifax, Novia Scotia.

Medrano, Diana and Rodrigo Villar. 1988. Mujer Campesina Y Organizacion Rural en Colombia. Bogota. CEREC.

Moser, Caroline and Levy, Caren. 1989. A Theory and Methodology of Gender Planning: Meeting e, London.

The North-South Institute. 1990. The Future for Women in Development: Voices from the South. Proceedings of the Association for Women in Development Colloquium. Ottawa, Canada.

Paolisso, Micheal and Sally W. Yudelman. 1991. Women, Poverty and the Environment in LatinAmerica. International Center for Research on Women. Washington, D.C.

Papanek, Hanna and Laurel Schwede. 1988. "Women are Good with Money:" Earning and Managingin an Indonesian City" in A Home Divided: Women and Income in the Third World, edited by DaisyDwyer and Judith Bruce. Stanford University Press. Palo Alto, California.

Poats, Susan V., Marianne Schmink and Anita Spring (Eds.). 1988. Gender Issues in FarmingResearch and Extension. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.

Radcliffe, Sarah. 1993. "The role of Gender in Peasant Migration: Conceptual Issues from thePeruvian Andes" in Different Places, Different Voices Gender and Development in Africa, Asiaand Latin America. Routledge Press. London.

Redclift, Nanneke and M. Thea Sinclair. 1991. Working Women: International Perspectives onLabour and Gender Ideology. Routledge Press. London.

Restrepo, Mariano Arango, Saul Mesa Ochoa, Remberto Rhenals Monterrosa, Jaime AlbertoVelasquez Botero. 1991. Una nueva vision de la economia campesina colombiana. Centro deinvestigaciones economicas, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellin,

Roldan, Martha. 1988. "Renegotiating the Marital Contract: Intrahousehold Patterns of MoneyAllocation and women's Subordination Among Domestic Outworkers in Mexico city" in A HomeDivided: Women and Income in the Third World, edited by Daisy Dw yer and Judith Bruce. Stanford University Press. Palo Alto, California.

Sage, Colin. 1993. "Women's Roles under Commodity Relations in Highland Bolivia" in JanetMomsen and Vivian Kinnaird (Eds.) Different Places, Different Voices: Gender and Developmentin Africa, Asia and Latin America. Routledge Press, London, UK.

Shields, M Dale. 1993. Gender, Class, Ecological Decline, and Livelihood Strategies: A CaseStudy of Siquijor Island, the Philippines. Clark University Ecogen Case Study Series. Worcester, Massachusetts.

Stolen, Kristi Anne and Mariken Vaa (eds.). 1991. Gender and Change in Developing Countries. Oxford University =D0=07=06

Tinker, Irene. 1985. The Real Rural Energy Crisis: Women's Time. Equity Policy Center. Washington, D.C.

Urban, Ann-Marie and Mary Hill Rojas. 1994. Shifting Boundaries: Gender, Migration andCommunity Resources in the Foothills of Choluteca, Honduras. Clark University Ecogen Series. Worcester, Massachusetts.


IMPACT/EVALUATION

Bowman, Margaret et al. 1987. Measuring Our Impact: Determining Cost-Effectiveness of Non=AAGovernmental Organization Development Projects. Findings Paper Series. TechnoServe,=D4 ffice. Norwalk, CT.

Buzzard, Shirley and Elaine Edgcomb (Eds.). 1992. Monitoring and Evaluating Small BusinessProjects: a Step by Step Guide for Private Development Organizations. PACT Publications. NewYork, New York.

Casley, Dennis J. and Krishna Kumar. 1987. Project Monitoring and Evaluation in Agriculture. World Bank/ International Fund for Agricultural Development/ Food and AgricultureOrganization of the United Nations. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore , London.

Derman, William and Scott Whitefor (Eds.). Social Impact Analysis and Development Planning inthe Third World.

Edgcomb, Elaine and James Cawley (Eds.). 1993. An Institutional Gudie for EnterpriseDevelopment Organizations. The Small Enterprise Education and Promotion Network. New York,New York.

Elkind-Savatsky, Pamela D. (ed.). 1986. Differential Social Impacts of Rural ResourceDevelopment. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.

Finsterbusch, Kurt, Jasper Ingersoll and Lynn Llewellyn. 1990. Methods for Social Analysis inDeveloping Countries. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.

Fisher, William, Jeffrey Poyo and Ann Beasley. 1992. Evaluation of the Micro and SmallEnterprise Development Project in Bolivia. Technical Report No. 42. Gemini. Bethesda,Maryland.

Goonting, Dennis. 1995. An Impact Evaluation Study on Micro-Credit Intervention: The Caseof the Production Credit for Rural Women Programme in Nepal. Univeristy of Guelph. Guelph,Ontario.

Herman, Joan L., Lynn Lyons Morris and Carol Tayor Fitz-Gibbon. 1987. Evaluator's Handbook. Centre for the Study of Evaluation. University of California, Los Angeles.

Lassen. A Systems Approach for the Design and Evaluation of PVO Small Enterprise DevelopmentProjects.

MkNelly, Barbara. 1992. Literature Review of the Likely Impact of the Credit with EducationStrategy. Freedom From Hunger. Davis, California.

Otero, Maria. 1989. A Question of Impact: Solidarity Group Programs and Their Approach toEvaluation. New York. PACT (Private Agencies Collaborating Together).

Palinkas, Lawrence A, Bruce Murray Harris and John S. Petterson. 1985. A Systems Approach toSocial Impact Assessment: Two Alaska Case Studies. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.


MICROENTERPRISE LENDING AND DEVELOPMENT

Abugre. 1993. "When Credit is Not Due--Financial Services by NGO's in Africa" in SmallEnterprise Development. 4(4), pp. 23-35.

Adams, Dale W., Douglas H. Graham, and J.D. Von Pischke. 1984. Undermining Rural Development

Berenbach, Shari and Diego Guzman. 1994. "The Solidarity Group Experience WorldWide" in TheNew World of Microenterprise Finance: Building Healthy Financial Institutions for the Poor. Maria Otero and Elisabeth Rhyne (Eds.). Kumarian Press. West Hartfore, Connecticut.

Boomegard, James, James Kern, Calvin Miller and Richard Pattern. 1992. A Review of theProspects for Rural Financial Institution Development in Bolivia. Technical Report No. 31. Gemini. Bethesda, Maryland.

Borja, Jaime and Francisco Rhon Davila. 1994. "Credito Rural en Ecuador: Situacion,Participacion de ONG s Y Perspectivas" in Credito y Desarrollo Rural en America Latina. LaPaz, Bolivia. Fades, SOS FAIM.

Christen, R. 1989. What Microenterpise Credit Programs Can Learn from Moneylenders. ACCIONInternational. Cambridge, MA.

Chowdhury, M.R. M. Mahmood and F.H. Abed. 1991. "Credit for the Rural Poor-The Case of BRACin Bangladesh" in Small Enterprise Development. 2(3), pp. 4-13.

Copestake, James, "Poverty-oriented Financial Service Programmes: Room for Improvement?" inSavings and Development. 4(1995) XIX, pp. 417-435.

Coyle, Mary. 1984. The Struggle to Meet the Employment and Income Needs of DevelopingNations: The Role of Small Scale Enterprise Development. University of Guelph. Guelph,Ontario

De Jong, Martin and Nanno Kleiterp. 1991. "Credit for Small Businesses and Microenterprisesin Developing Countries" in Small Enterprise Development. 2(4), pp. 21-30.

Diaz, Gustavo Biruet. 1994. "El Credito Rural en Bolivia" in Credito y Desarrollo Rural enAmerica Latina. La Paz, Bolivia. Fades, SOS FAIM.

Drake, Deborah and Maria Otero. 1992. Alchemists for the Poor: NGO's as FinancialInstitutions. Accion International. Washington, D.C.

Downing, Jeanne. 1991. "Gender and the Growth of Microenterprises" in Small EnterpriseDevelopment. (2)1.

Eigen, Johanna. 1992. Assistance to Women's Business--Evaluating the Options.

FAO. 1987. Small-Scale Forest-Based Processing Enterprises. Forestry Paper #79. Rome.

Fisher, William, Jeffrey Poyo and Ann Beasley. 1992. Evaluation of the Micro and SmallEnterprise Development Project in Bolivia. Technical Report No. 42. Gemini. Bethesda,Maryland.

Flores-Oblitas, Juan. 1963. Credito rural y Cooperativismo en Bolivia. La Paz. La SalvadoraLtda.

Goonting, Dennis. 1995. An Impact Evaluation Study on Micro-Credit Intervention: The Case ..

Gupta, S.C. 1987. Development Banking for Rural Development. Deep & Deep Publications. NewDelhi.

Haggblade, Steven. 1992. "A Proposal for Monitoring Small Enterprise Promotion" in SmallEnterprise Development. 3(4), pp. 15-24.

Hilhorst, Thea & Harry Oppenoorth. 1992. Financing Women's Enterprise. Royal TropicalInstitute. Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Holt, Sharon. 1994. "The Village Bank Methodology: Performance and Prospects" in The NewWorld of Microenterprise Finance: Building Healthy Financial Institutions. Maria Otero andElisabeth Rhyne (Eds.). Kumarian Press. West Hartford, Connecticut.

IFAD. 1985. The Role of Rural Credit Projects in Reaching the Poor: IFAD's Experience. Tycooly Publishing.

Jackelen, Henry R. and Elisabeth Rhyne. 1991. "Towards a More market-Oriented Approach toCredit and Savings for the Poor" in Small Enterprise Development. 2(4), pp. 4-20.

Levitsky, Jacob. 1993. "Credit Guarantee funds and Mutual Guarantee Systems" in SmallEnterprise Development. 4(2).

Marshall, Kathy. 1993. Proposed Framework for Impact Evaluation of Micro-Credit Funds: Calmeadow Foundation. Internal Discussion Paper. University of Guelph. Guelph, Ontario.

Meyer, Richard. L and Adelaida P. Alicbusan. 1984. "Farm-Household Heterogeneity and RuralFinancial Markets: Insights from Thailand" in Adams, Dale W., Douglas H. Graham, and J.D. VonPischke (Eds.) Undermining Rural Development With Cheap Credit. Westview Press. Boulder andLondon.

MkNelly, Barbara. 1992. Literature Review of the Likely Impact of the Credit with EducationStrategy. Freedom From Hunger. Davis, California.

Otero, Maria and Elisabeth Rhyne (Eds.). 1994. The New World of Microenterprise Finance: Building Healthy Financial Institutions. Kumarian Press. West Hartford, Connecticut.

Otero, Maria. 1991. "Mobilizing Savings and Microenterprise Programmes" in Small EnterpriseDevelopment. 2(1), pp. 32-41

Otero, Maria. 1986. The Solidarity Group Concept: Its Characteristics and Significance forUrban Informal Sector Activities. New York. PACT (Private Agencies Collaborating Together).

Otero, Maria. 1989. A Question of Impact: Solidarity Group Programs and Their Approach toEvaluation. New York. PACT (Private Agencies Collaborating Together).

Padmanabhan, K.P. 1988. Rural Credit: Lessons for Rural Bankers and Policy Makers. Intermediate Technology Publications. London, UK.

Parra, Ernesto. 1994. "Las Organizaciones No Gubernamentales Frente Al Credito" in Creditoy Desarrollo Rural en Latin America. La Paz, Bolivia. Fades, SOS FAIM.

Reyes, Juan Carlos. 1994. "Situacion del Credito Para el Sector Campesino en Chile" in Creditoy Desarrollo Rural en America Latina. La Paz, Bolivia. Fades, SOS FAIM.

Rivas, Hugo. 1994. "Las Condiciones del Credito Rural" in Credito y Desarrollo Rural enAmerica Latina. La Paz, Bolivia. Fades, SOS FAIM.

Roy, Gunendo. Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee. June 1995. Personal Interview.

Sahley, Caroline M. 1995. "NGO Support for Small Business Associations: A ParticipatoryApproach to Enterprise Development" in Community Development Journal. 30(1), pp. 56-65.

Stearns, Katherine and Maria Otero (eds.). 1990. The Critical Connection: Governments, PrivateInstitutions and the Informal Sector in Latin America. Cambridge, MA: Accion International.

Steurer, Roland. 1994. "La Cooperacion Tecnica Alemana: Marco Conceptual de una NuevaPolitica para el Desarrollo de un Mercado Financiero Rural en Bolivia" in Credito y DesarrolloRural en America Latina. La Paz, Bolivia. Fades, SOS FAIM.

Thapa, G. B., Jennifer Chalmers, K. W. Taylor and John Conroy. 1992. Banking with the Poor: Report and Recommendations. Foundation for Development Cooperation. Kuala Lumpur.

Tokman, Victor E. 1989. "Policies of a Heterogeneous Informal Sector in Latin America" inWorld Development. 17(7), pp 1067-1076.


METHODOLOGY

Brown, David and Rajesh Tandon. 1983. "Ideology and Political Economy in Inquiry: Action Research

Checkland, Peter. 1985. "Achieving Desirable and Feasible Change: An Application of SoftSystems Methodology" in Journal of Operational Research Society. 36(9), pp. 821-835.

Fals-Borda, Orlando. Investigating Reality in Order to Transform it: The Colombian Experience. Fundarco. Bogota, Colombia.

Fals-Borda, Orlando. 1991. Action and Knowledge: Breaking the Monopoly with ParticipatoryAction-Research. Intermediate Technology Publications. London, England.

Glaser, B.G. and A. L. Strauss. 1967. The Discovery of Grounded Theory. Chicago Aldine Press. Chicago.

Hall, Budd. 1979. "Knowledge as a Commodity and Participatory Research" in Prospects: Quarterly Review of Education. (9)4. UNESCO. Paris.

Jiggins, Janice and Kenk de Zeeuw. 1989. Participatory Technology Developmen in practice: Process and Methods.

McCracken, Grant 1988. The Long Interview. Sage Publications. Newbury Park, California.

Morgan, Gareth and Rafael Ramirez. 1983. "Action Learning: A Holographic Metaphor forGuiding Social Change" in Human Relations. 37(1): pp, 1-28. New York City.

Morgan, Gareth. 1982. "Cybernetics and Organization Theory: Epistemology or Technique" inHuman Relations. 35(7): pp, 521-537. Plenum Press. New York City.

Moris, Jon and James Copestake. 1993. Qualitative Inquiry for Rural Development. IntermediateTechnology Publications/Overseas Development Institute. London, England.

Moser, Caroline and Levy, Caren. 1989. A Theory and Methodology of Gender Planning: MeetingWomen's Practical and Strategic Needs. Gender and Planning Working Paper No. 11. DevelopmentPlanning Unit. University College, London.

Palinkas, Lawrence A, Bruce Murray Harris and John S. Petterson. 1985. A Systems Approach toSocial Impact Assessment: Two Alaska Case Studies. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado.

Pinto, Joao Bosco. 1985. Participatory Action Research: An Analytic Paradigm. University ofGuelph. Guelph, Ontario.

Rahnema, Majid. 1990. "Particiaptory Action Research: the Last Temptation of SaintDevelopment" in Alternatives. (1990), 199-226.

Roling, Niels, G. 1994. "Agricultural Knowledge and Information Systems in Extension Handbook: Processes and Practices. D.J. Blackburn Ed. Thompson Educational Publishing. Toronto,Ontario.

Taylor, Paul V. 1993. The Texts of Paulo Freire. Open University Press. Buckingham, England.

Theis, Joachim and Heather M. Gady. 1991. Participatory Rapid Appraisal for CommunityDevelopment: A Training Manual Based on Experiences in the Middle East and North Africa. International Institute for Environment and Development. Save the Children Fund. FordFoundation.

Winter, Richard. 1987. Action-Research and the Nature of Social Inquiry: ProfessionalismInnovation and Educational Work. Gower Publishing Company Limited. Gower House, England.

Whyte, William Foote (ed.). 1991. Participatory Action Research. Sage Publications. London,New York.


Bolivian Organizations
PRODEM [Promocion de Los Microempresas], Calle Almirante Grau, 
	65 Casilla, La Paz, 13963,Bolivia. Phone: 2366950/2392957
CRECER, [Credito y Educacion Rural], Casilla #69, Parque Demetrio 
	Caneles, #1415, EsquinaCalanche, Cochabamba, Bolivia. 
	Phone: 42-41528 
CORDECO, Director Fortalicimiento Municipal, Cochabamba, Bolivia. 
	Phone:  4258080 
CEPROCA, Capinota, Bolivia
CEDEAGRO, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Phone: 4259547
Catholic Relief Services, Hacinte Vena Vente 2190, La Paz, Bolivia, 
	Phone: 2323335
Fernando Dick, Universidad Nur, Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
Superintendencia de los Bancos, La Paz, Bolivia. Phone:  3363939
BANCOSOL, La Paz, Bolivia
USAID Microfinance Library, Calle 9 Obajes, Piso 2, La Paz. 
	Phone: 786-544
FAO, Av. 20 de Oct. 2659, La Paz, Bolivia. Phone 237442

Internationally-Focused Organizations
CIDA, Ottawa, Canada
Calmeadow Foundation, Toronto, Canada
Accion International, Cambridge, Massachusetts
USAID-Microenterprise Development, Washington, DC
Freedom from Hunger, Davis, California
International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Ontario
FAO/Marketing and Credit Services Department, Rome
The Small Enterprise Education and Promotion Network, New York 
Gemini, Bethesda, MD
InterAction, Washington, CC
TechnoServe, Norwalk, CT
Private Agencies Collaborating Together
Intermediate Technology Publications, U.K.
Women's World Banking, New York
Institute for Development Training, Chapel Hill, NC
Pact Publications, United Nations Plaza, New York
Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, D.C.
World Bank, Washington, D.C.

International Programs
Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee
Aga Khan Rural Support Programme

Local Programs
Calmeadow Foundation, Toronto, Ontario
Community Opportunity Development Association, 35 Dickson, 
	Cambridge, Ontario. Phone:  519 623-9380
Women in Rural Economic Development, Kitchener/Waterloo, Ontario
University of Guelph, Departments of Rural Planning and 
	Development, Rural Extension Studies,
ECOGEN Program, Clark University, Worchester, Massachusetts

Contact address: Nanci Lee
International Rural Development Planning
University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Email: