Members of effective collaborative learning groups have specific roles. Each member may
assume several roles at a given session; in fact, for smaller groups it will be
necessary for each member to have more than one duty.
- Chair or Leader
- This person is the agenda-setting facilitator.
- In other words, the chair or leader sets the agenda of the session, with
input from the rest of the group.
- Time Keeper
- This person is the agenda facilitator.
- The time keeper keeps track of the amount of time spent on each activity in
the session and makes sure pre-arranged time allocations in the agenda are
- Room Scheduler
- This person arranges the date, time and place of the study session with
school administrators, if necessary.
- The room scheduler may also be responsible for contacting study group
members to remind them about sessions.
- Resource Arranger
- This person arranges for supplies and resources for the session.
- Resources may include reference books from the library, peer tutors, or
- Group Process Evaluator
- This person evaluates the effectiveness and efficiency of the session.
- Producer or Participant
- This person takes part in the scheduled activities of the session.
- In most cases, all members of the study group are participants.
- Resource Person
- This person is not necessarily a constant member of the group.
- The resource person is present when needed to provide additional resources
to the group members.
- The resource person may be a faculty member, a tutor, or another
Source: Gomon and Guenzel (1987)