A Bibliography on
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

Abdulhadi, Nural. The Kuwaiti NGOs: Their Role in Aid Flows to Developing Countries. Working Paper Series 524. Washington: The World Bank, Policy and Review Department, October 1990.

Aronson, Dan, Participation in Country Economic and Sector Work. Paper prepared for the World Bank Workshop on Participatory Development, May 1994.

Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ANGOC). 1988. "NGOs and International Development Cooperation." Lok Niti 5(4).

__________. 1989. The Manila Declaration on People's Participation and Sustainable Development. Manila, Philippines: ANGOC.

Aufderheide, Pat and Bruce Rich. "Environmental Reform and the Multilateral Banks", in World Policy Journal, Spring 1988.

Baile, Stephanie. Survey of European Nongovernmental Aid Organizations: A Guide to NGOs and their Perception of the World Bank. Paris: World Bank, May 1986.

Beckmann, David. "Recent Experience and Emerging Trends" in Samuel Paul and Israel Arturo, NGOs and the World Bank: Cooperation for Development. Washington: World Bank, 1992.

Bebbington, Anthony et.al. Nongovernmental Organizations and the State in Latin America. London: Routledge, 1993.

Bebbington, Anthony and John Farrington. 1992a. "Private Voluntary Initiatives: Enhancing the Public Sector's Capacity to Respond to Nongovernmental Organization Needs." Paper presented at the Twelfth Agricultural Sector Symposium, World Bank, January 8.

__________. 1992b. "The Scope for NGO-Government Interaction in Agricultural Technology Development: An International Overview." Network Paper 33. Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network, Overseas Development Institute, London.

Bhatnagar, Bhuvan. Non-Governmental Organizations and World Bank- Supported Projects in Asia: Lessons Learned. Departmental Papers Series No. 2. Washington: World Bank, Asia Technical Department, May 1991.

Bhatnagar, Bhuvan and Aubrey Williams. Participatory Development and the World Bank: Potential Directions for Change. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 183. Washington: World Bank, 1992.

Boyer, David. The Role of Northern NGOs in the Promotion of Sustainable Development in Africa. Edinburgh: Centre of African Studies, 1990.

Bratton, Michael. "The Politics of Government: NGO Relations in Africa", in World Development. Vol. 17, No. 4, 1989. pp. 569-587.

_________. 1990. "NGOs in Africa: Can They Influence Public Policy?" Development and Change 21.

Brautigam, Deborah. 1991. "Development, Institutional Pluralism and the Voluntary Sector." Paper for World Bank, EXTIE. Washington, D.C.

Brodhead, Tim, Brent Herbert-Copley, and Anne-Marie Lambert. Bridges of Hope? Canadian Voluntary Agencies and the Third World. Ottawa: The North-South Institute, 1988.

Brown, David and David Korten. Understanding Voluntary Organizations: Guidelines for Donors. Working Paper 258. Washington: World Bank, Country Economics Department, September 1989.

Brown, L. David. 1988. "Organizational Barriers to NGO Strategic Action." Lok Niti 5(4).

__________. 1990. "Policy Impacts on the NGO Sector." Mimeo paper for World Bank, EXTIE. Washington, D.C.

CARITAS and the World Bank. Vatican City State: Caritas International, October 1991.

Carroll, Tom. Intermediary NGOs. Washington: Inter-American Foundation, 1992.

Carvalho, Soniya, Social Funds: Guidelines for Design and Implementation, ESP Discussion Paper Series No. 24. Washington: World Bank, March 1994

Cernea, Michael M. Nongovernmental Organizations and Local Development. Discussion Paper No. 40. Washington: World Bank, 1988.

Chambers, Robert. 1983. Rural Development: Putting the Last First. Harlow: Longman.

Clark, John. Democratizing Development: The Role of Voluntary Organizations. London: Earthscan Publications, 1991

Clark, John. The State and the Voluntary Sector. Human Resources and Operations Policy Working Paper No. 12. Washington: World Bank, October 1993.

de Coninck, John. "Evaluating the Impact of NGO's in Rural Poverty Alleviation: Uganda Country Study." ODI working Paper No. 51, February, 1992.

Deull, Charles B. and Laurel A. Dutcher. Working Together: NGO Cooperation in Seven African Countries. New York: Interaction 1987.

"Development Alternatives: The Challenge for NGOs", Special Supplement of World Development, Volume 15, Autumn 1987.

Dichter, Thomas W. "The Changing World of Northern NGOs: Problems, Paradoxes and Possibilities" in Tansnational Associations 2, 1991. pp. 66-70.

Edwards, Michael and David Hulme, Making a difference: NGOs and Development in a Changing World. London: Earthscan, 1992

Edwards, Michael. 1991. Strengthening Government Capacity for National Development and International Negotiation. London: Save the Children Fund.

Elliott, Charles. 1987. "Some Aspects of Relations Between North and South in the NGO Sector." World Development 15(Supplement): 57-68.

Esman, Milton J. and Norman Uphoff. Local Organizations: Intermediaries in Rural Development. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984.

Esquel Group Foundation. "Enabling Civil Society's Participation in Socio- economic Development in Latin America." Bethesda, 1993.

Esquel Group Foundation. "Civil Society, State and Market: An Emerging Partnership for Equitable Development." Bethesda, January 1993.

Farrington, John et. al. (eds.). Nongovernmental Organizations and the State in Asia. London: Routledge, 1993.

Farrington, John and A. Bebbington. Reluctant Partners? Nongovernmental Organizations, the State and Sustainable Agricultural Development. London: Routledge, 1993.

Fernandes, Walter. Voluntary Action and Government Control. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute, 1986.

Fernandez, Aloysius. 1987. "NGOs in South Asia: People's Participation and Partnership." World Development 15(Supplement): 39-50.

Fowler, Alan. Nongovernmental Organizations in Africa: Achieving Comparative Advantage in Relief and Microdevelopment. IDS Discussion Paper No. 249. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies, 1988.

Fowler, Alan, P. Campbell, P. and B. Pratt. Institutional Development and NGOs in Africa: Policy Perspectives for European Development Agencies. Oxford: INTRAC, 1992.

Fowler, Alan. 1992. "NGOs as Agents of Democratization: An African Perspective." Mimeo (draft). University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies, May.

Fundacion Alternativa. "Las ONG's Ecuatorianas Frente al Fondo de Inversion Social del Ecuador." Quito, July 1992.

Garilao, Ernesto. 1987. "Indigenous NGOs as Strategic Institutions: Managing the Relationship with Government and Resource Agencies." World Development 15(Supplement): 113- 120.

Gezelius, Helena and David Millwood, "NGOs in Development and Participation in Practice" in Tansnational Associations, 5, 1991. pp. 278-291.

Global Environmental Facility. Participation by Nongovernmental Organiza- tions in the Clobal Environment Facility. Document GEF/PA/93/2. Washington: GEF, May 1993.

Gopal, Gita and Alexandre Marc. Study of Procurement and Disbursement Issues in Projects with Community Participation. Human Resources Division, Note No. 17. Washington: The World Bank, Africa Technical Department, 1994.

Gordon-Drabek, Anne. "Development Alternatives: The Challenge for NGOs -- An Overview of the Issues" in World Development, Vol. 15, Supplement, 1987.

Haeuber, Richard. "The World Bank and Environmental Assessment: The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations" in Environmental Impact Assessment Review. Vol. 12, 1992, pp. 331-347.

Handy, Charles. Understanding Voluntary Organizations. London: Penguin Books, 1988.

Hanlon, Joseph. 1990. "New Missionaries in Mozambique." Mimeo. London.

Heaver, Richard. Reaching People at the Periphery: Can the Bank's Population, Health and nutrition Operations Do Better? Washington: World Bank, April 1988.

Hentschel, Jesko. Does Participation Cost the World Bank More? Emerging Evidence. Paper presented at the World Bank Workshop on Participatory Development, May 1994.

Hill, Tony. Northern NGOs and Africa's Development: Background, Issues and Challenges. Paper prepared for the Workshop on Mobilizing the Informal Sector and NGOs for Recovery and Development. Abuja, 1990.

Hirono, Ryokichi. "How to Promote Trilateral Cooperation among Governments, NGOs and International Agencies", in World NGO Symposium Nagoya Congress. OISCA International Center, 1987.

Hirsch, P. 1994. "Where Are the Roots of Thai Environmentalism?" TEI Quarterly Environmental Journal, Vol. 2, No. 2, April-June, pp. 5-15. Thailand Environmental Institute, Bangkok.

Hirschman, Albert 0. Getting Ahead Collectively: Grassroots Experiences in Latin America. New York: Pergamon Press, 1984.

Holloway, Richard. "Doing Development -- Government, NGOs and the Rural Poor in Asia." CUSO, 1987.

Hulme, David and Michael Edwards, eds. 1992. Making a Difference? NGOs and Development in a Changing World. London: Earthscan.

Hursh-Cesar, Gerald et. al. Development Effectiveness of Private Voluntary Organizations. Washington, 1986.

Johnson, W. and V. Johnson. West Africa Governments and Volunteer Development Organizations: Priorities for Partnership. Lanham: University Press of America, 1990.

Kearns, J and J. Edgerton, Participatory Project Planning. Paper prepared for the World Bank Workshop on Participatory Development, May 1994.

Korten, David. Getting to the 21st Century: Voluntary Action and Global Agenda. West Hartford: Kumarian Press, 1989.

Korten, David. Micropolicy Reform: the Role of Private Voluntary Agencies. Working Paper No. 12 of the National Association of Schools of Public Administration (NASPAA). Washington: NASPAA, 1986.

Korten, David, "Third Generation NGO Strategies: A Key to People-Centered Development". World Development, October 1987.

Landim, Leilah. "NGOs in Latin America" in World Development, Vol. 15, 1987.

Lissner, Jorgen. The Politics of Altruism: A Study of the Political Behaviour of Voluntary Development Agencies. Geneva: Lutheran World Federation, 1977.

Mare, Alexandre. 1992. "NGOs in Kyrghyzstan." Mimeo. World Bank.

Mare, Alexandre and Gita Gopal. "Procurement and Disbursement." Draft paper prepared for the World Bank Workshop on Participatory Development, May 1994.

"Memoria del Taller de ONG's para Informacion Sobre la Propuesta FISE." Mimeo. Quito, July 1992.

Muir, Ann "Evaluating The Impact of NGOs in Rural Poverty Alleviation: Zimbabwe Country Study." ODI Working Paper No. 52. February, 1992.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). 1988. Voluntary Aid for Development: The Role of NGOs. OECD: Paris.

Nagle, William and Sanjoy Ghose. Community Participation in World Bank -- Supported Projects. Strategic Planning and Review Discussion Paper No. 8. Washington: World Bank, June 1990.

Nelson, Paul. "The World Bank and Nongovernmental Organizations: Political Economy and Organizational Analysis." Unpublished Phd. Dissertation, 1991.

Pfirrmann, C. and Kron, D. 1992. Environment and NGOs in Thailand. Thai NGO Support Project and Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung Foundation, Bangkok.

NGLS. NGOs and Structural Adjustment. United Nations NGO Liaison Service NGLS Occasional Paper No. 3. Geneva, April 1987.

Norton, Andrew and Thomas Stephens. Participation in Poverty Assessments. Draft paper prepared for the World Bank Workshop on Participatory Development, May 1994.

NOVIB. Banking on the Environment: Vision of NGOs on Social and Environmental Aspects of Projects and Programmes of the World Bank. The Hague, August 1990.

OEF International, "Women, Water and Development in Mexico: A Case Study of NGO Collaboration in a World Bank Project." Mimeo. Washington: OEF International, 1990.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Voluntary Aid for Development -- The Role of NGOs. Paris: OECD, 1988.

PACT. "The Negotiation of the Guatemalan Social Fund: An NGO Perspective." Mimeo, 1990.

Paul, Samuel. Community Participation in Development Projects: The World Bank Experience. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 6. Washington: World Bank, 1987.

Paul, Samuel R Arturo Israel (eds). Nongovernmental Organizations and the World Bank: Cooperation for Development. World Bank Regional and Sectoral Studies. Washington: The World Bank, 1991.

Paul, Samuel. Govoernments and Grassroots Organizations: From Coexistence to Collaboration. Washington: The World Bank, March 1988.

Qureshi, Moeen. 1990. "The World Bank and NGOs: New Approaches." Speech to the Washington Chapter of the Society for International Development. April 22, 1990. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Rajashekar, D, M.K. Bhat and Neil Webster, People Centered Rural Development: NGDOs and decentralized Government. Bangalore: ISEC, CDS, BCO and NOVIB, 1995.

Ridell, Roger. "Judging Success: Evaluating NGO Approaches to Alleviating Poverty in Developing Countries." ODI Working Paper No. 37, May, 1990.

Ruland, J. and Ladavalya, B. 1991. "Voluntary Associations and Municipal Government in Thailand." Report submitted to the Foundation Volkswagenwerk, Hannover, the Federal Republic of Germany.

Salamon, Lester and Helmut Anheier. In Search of the Nonprofit Sector II: The Problem of Classification. Working Paper of the Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project, 1992.

__________. 1992. "In Search of the Non Profit Sector: The Question of Definitions." March. Johns Hopkins University Institute for Policy Studies.

Salmen, Lawrence and Paige Eaves. World Bank Work with Nongovernmental Organizations. Country Economics Department Working Paper No. 305. Washington: World Bank, December 1989.

Sidel, M. 1994. "The Emergence of a Non-profit Sector and Philanthropy in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam." Prepared for the Survey on Non- governmental Underpinnings of the Emerging Asia-Pacific Regional Community

Smillie, Ian. A Time to Build Up: New Forms of Cooperation Between NGOs and CIDA. Ottawa: Canadian Council for International Cooperation, December 1991.

Smillie, Ian and Henry Helmich, Non-Governmental Organizations and Governments: Stakeholders for development. Development Centre. Paris: OECD, 1993.

Smith, Derek. Study of the Role of United Kingdom NGOs in Providing Development Aid. Washington: The World Bank, July 1987.

Sollis, Peter. "Multilateral Agencies and NGOs in the Context of Policy Reform." Unpublished paper presented to the Conference on Changing U.S. and Multilat- eral Policy toward Central America organized by the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA), Washington, June 10 to June 12, 1991.

Stearns, Katherine and Marie Otero. The Critical Connection: Governments, Private Institutions, and the Informal Sector in Latin America. ACCION International Monograph Series No. 5. Washington: ACCION, August 1990.

Steckhan, Rainer. 1990. Memo to Alexander Shakow re: Response to Brown Paper "Policy Impacts on the NGO Sector." April 10. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Stevulak, Catharine and Anne Thompson. "Approaches to Bank/NGO Collaboration." Mimeo. Washington, 1993.

Suwana-adth, M. 1991. "Environment and Sustainable Development: The NGOs' Perspective." Bangkok: September (draft).

Tandon, Rajesh. The Relationship between NGOs and Government. Mimeo paper presented to the Conference on the Promotion of Autonomous Development. New Delhi: PRIA, 1987.

__________. 1991. NGO Government Relations: A Source of Life or a Kiss of Death. New Delhi, India: Society for Participatory Research in Asia.

__________. 1992. NGOs and Civil Society. Boston: Institute for Development Research.

Tandon, Yash. "Foreign NGOs, Uses an Abuses: An African Perspective", in IFDA Dossier 81, April/June 1991.

Tendler, Judith. Turning Private Voluntary Organizations into Development Agencies: Questions for Evaluation, AID Program Evaluation Discussion Paper No. 12. Washington: USAID, 1982.

"The World Bank and Development: An NGO Critique and a World Bank Response" in Trocaire Development Review. Dublin, 1990.

Thomson, Ann. "Working with the World Bank." Mimeo. Ottawa: CARE- Canada, 1993.

Uphoff, Norman. 1987. "Relations between Government and NGOs and the Promotion of Autonomous Development." Paper presented to the Conference on the Promotion of Autonomous Development. Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.

VanDomelen, Julie. "Working with Nongovernmental Organizations," in S. Jorgensen et. al. (eds), Bolivia's Answer to Poverty, Economic Crisis, and Adjustment: The Emergency Social Fund. World Bank Regional and Sectoral Studies. Washington: World Bank, 1992.

Viswanath, Vanita and Michael Bamberger. Issues and Opportunities for Expanded NGO Participation in National Development Policies and Programs. Paper prepared for the BRAC/EDI Workshop on Livestock. Washington: World Bank, Economic Development Institute.

Voorhies, Samuel J. Working with Government using World Bank Funds: Learnings from the Uganda Orphans and Health Rehabilitation Program. World Vision Staff Working Paper No. 16. Monrovia: World Vision, 1993.

Webster, Neil, "The Role of NGDOs in Indian Rural Development: Some Lessons from West Bengal and Karnataka". Copenhagen: Centre for Development Research, 1993.

Wellard, Kate and J. Copestake (eds.). Nongovernmental Organizations and the State in Africa. London: Routledge, 1993.

Williams, Aubrey. "A Growing Role for NGOs in Development" in Finance and Development, December 1990.

World Bank. 50th Anniversary: Working with NGOs. Insert in World Bank 50th Anniversary Information Packet, 1994.

World Bank. Cooperation Between the World Bank and NGOs, Annual Progress Report. Washington: World Bank, Operations Policy Group, NGO Unit, 1990 to present.

World Bank. "Encouraging Private Contributions to African Development." Paper presented at the Enabling Environment Conference. Nairobi, October 1986.

World Bank. Environment Assessment Sourcebook: Vol. I, II, III. Washington: World Bank, 1991.

World Bank. How the World Bank Works with Nongovernmental Organizations. Washington: World Bank, 1990.

World Bank. Poverty Reduction Handbook, Washington: World Bank, 1992.

World Bank. Republic of Uganda: The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations and Country Based Groups in Poverty Alleviation, Report No. 12262-VG. Washington: World Bank: Eastern Africa Department, Population and Human Resources Division, September, 1993.

World Bank. Socioeconomic Development Funds: A Guideline for Design and Implementation. Washington: World Bank, Africa Region, Social Dimensions of Adjustment and Development Unit February 1991.

World Bank. Strengthening the Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in the Health and Family Welfare Program in India. Washington: World Bank, Asia Country Department, Population and Human Resources, June 18, 1990.

World Bank. Sustainability of projects First Review of Experience. Washington: World Bank, Operations Evaluation Department, June 14, 1985.

World Bank. The World Bank and Participation. Washington: The World Bank, Operations Policy Department, September, 1994.

World Bank. Zambia -- Lusaka Squatter Upgrading Site and Services Project, Project Completion Report, June 30, 1993.

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