Community Participation in Ocean Management
ceans and coastal areas are distinctive resource systems that require special management and planning approaches. Such approaches need to adopt a systematic, incremental approach in developing and implementing ocean management projects and programmes. Awareness building and education remain the cornerstones of any approach - that will integrate environmental, economic, and social information from the very beginning of the process. Monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of projects and programmes also need to be incorporated.
Preserving and managing resources (seafood, aesthetic, recreation, marine, mineral and other resources) of the oceans involves a multiplicity of actors and actions at various levels. But some of the most effective and sustainable actions come as a groundswell of participation from coastal communities themselves, influencing the use and abuse of ocean resources in a variety of ways.
Depending on the local conditions such as culture, income levels, settlement patterns, etc. the degree and range of community participation activities varies. On the whole, three broad categories of community participation issues with respect to ocean management can be discerned - (1) changing lifestyles, (2) interaction with oceans and coastal regions, and (3) awareness-building and education.
Do you have something to add to the above? Send an email to: Hari Srinivas - firstname.lastname@example.org
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UEM and the Deep Blue Sea