Packaging issues have come to the fore due to increasing quantities of municipal waste, with a significant portion coming from consumer goods packaging. This has highlighted the need to both increase recycling and minimize the amount of material used in packaging. This would reduce waste and decrease the use of virgin/new materials.

Most efforts to streamline packaging have focussed on three aspects: (a) using as little packaging material as needed; (b) using recycled material wherever it is environmentally and economically sound; and (c) making packaging as recyclable as possible.