A South Australian Design Guide for Sustainable Development
Chapter 1: PROJECT AIMS
Place, people, materials: a hierarchy of needs Interpretive, educational & recreational aims
"From the outset, when planning the ecotourism site, clearly establish how the hierarchy of needs will be achieved.
"Imagine a dry, desert site. You enter a simple shelter with an attached shower area. You turn on the taps and have a 15 minute shower.
During the 15 minute shower you will have used between 100 and 250 litres of water. Just to obtain the water, probably from an underground source, pumps, energy obtained from the sun or fossil fuels, piping and storage is required. The high volume needed increases all of these parts of the system. This water, once used, is then placed onto a normally dry landscape, and gardens are formed.
In time, provided the water salinity did not increase too greatly, the gardens could become quite lush, attracting exotic bird and animal life.
Over a period of time the original place is lost and to sustain this new environment requires a relatively high input of physical (fuel, water, etc.) And management (maintenance) resources.
Chapter 2: PROJECT DEFINITION
"Ecotourism developments must be determined on the basis of what the ecosystem of a proposed site can sustain. This provides the framework for planning, design development and detailing of the ecocamp. All aspects of the development ---- access, population, activities, design of accommodation and services, management and monitoring of the ecocamp ---- depend on this factor. If this initial assessment of the ecotourism site is not properly conducted the development could seriously threaten the environment and degrade the very attraction and experience desired by ecotourists."
Chapter 3: PROJECT DETAIL
"Siting to preserve the place
Within the chosen ecotourism site ensure that the best places are retained.
The best places are appreciated because of their healthy environmental state, their particular character and their delicate ecological balance. This includes features such as:
Chapter 4: PROJECT MANAGEMENT, MAINTENANCE & MONITORING
"Visitor expectations and facilities offered
The expectations of visitors should be fulfilled ---- and preferably exceeded ---- by the activities and facilities offered.
Management of the ecocamp should monitor and respond to the expectations of visitors. It should identify where these expectations were not met, and why.
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