Much like ISO 14001, EMAS regulations require formulation and implementation of an environmental policy with commitment to continuous improvement; the setting up of an environmental management system and procedures for monitoring and verifying its compliance; and conduct environmental audits and site-based environmental statements. It requires third party verification of all statements, and public access to the information.
EMAS is site-specific and voluntary. EMAS-qualified sites must show evidence of a management system such as that contained in ISO 14001, as well as evidence of performance and auditing activities. It must issue a public statement of its objectives and targets, establish a register of significant environmental effects and pledge to use best available technologies, items not required in ISO 14001.
||Across UK, but also elsewhere
|Applied to whole organization or part
||Applied to site only
||Applied to whole organization
|Covers whole organization activities, products and services
||Specific site and industrial activities
||Any sector or activity
|Applicable to non-industrial activities, e.g. transport, local government etc.
||Can include non-industrial activities (experimental basis)
||Open to non-industrial activities
|Auditing is not concerned with environmental performance
||Auditing is concerned only with environmental performance and compliance with relevant environmental legislation
||Auditing is not concerned with environmental performance
|Frequency of audit is not specified and can be negotiated
||Maximum audit frequency at three years
||Frequency of audit is not specified
|Only environmental policy needs to be publicly available
||Environmental policy programme and management system must be made publicly available.
|| Only environmental policy needs to be publicly available