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Green Procurement Questions for an EMS
There are a number of questions that can be incorporated into a greener purchasing policy, forming one of the cornerstones of an EMS Programme. Most of these questions focus on looking at products within their entire life cycle. Some examples:
- Is this purchase necessary?
- What is the function that needs to be fulfilled?
- Are lifetime costs included in the specification?
- At what stage in the lifecycle are the main ecological impacts?
- Are there any hazardous or toxic aspects?
- What is the environmental impact of the production process?
- Does the supplier have an EMS?
- Is the suppliersEcosts and business well understood?
- Are all financing options, lease, hire, etc. considered?
- Are costs of delivery and installation looked into?
- Have storage costs, if any, been considered?
- Have training costs, if any, been considered?
- Will new procedures be needed to use the product?
- What are the costs of fuel and power?
- What are the manpower requirements?
- How long does it need to last?
- What are the costs of spares?
- What are the costs of administrating it?
- Can the product be re-used or recycled?
- What are the environmental impacts of disposal?
- Who is liable?
- Who is affected?
- What are the costs of removal?
Source: Adopted from the UNHCR Procurement Policy