In planning and developing a LA21, it is important to prepare an overall, sustainable vision for the urban area that takes into account the long-term, mid-term and short-term goals.
Within the environmental profile created in the previous step, key issues or sectors that will receive concerted planning and development efforts will have to be identified.
Examples of key issues include water supply, forest areas, waste management, industry, agriculture, transportation, tourism, electricity and gas supply, land management, heritage and historical resources. Parameters describing environmental issues, quality of life / lifestyle, governance, infrastructure, business and industry, etc. can be used for the identification of key issues.
In identifying these key issues, it is very important to have representative participation of all groups of stakeholders - the residents and community at large, business and industry, NGOs and Green Clubs, schools and colleges, and the local government itself. Such representative participation also ensures that implementation of the action plan is smooth.
The role that these key issues play in the overall local environment has to be clearly understood. How do they influence, and be influenced by, the local environment? What are problems being faced by these issues or sectors?
A vision that will guide the improvement and enhancements of the key issues needs to be developed. (Eg: Water supply: " ... to preserve the quality and quantity of drinking water available to the residents; to encourage lifestyles that use lesser amounts of water; to research ways of water recycling; to reduce water pollution ... ). This has to be matched with the goals and objectives for each of the issues.
Actions that need to be taken to enhance positive aspects of the local environment, and minimize negative aspects have to be listed. It is very important to understand the the scale of problems, so that appropriate actions can be taken at the appropriate level.
All the above points are then combined into an "environmental strategy" which will be used in the next step to develop a clear Local Agenda Plan in consultation with the local population. These activities are preliminary to developing the actual Agenda Plan in the next step.
To develop a clear plan of action that identifies the key issues that have to be tackled, and the actions that have to be taken to mitigate environmental problems in the region.
A local environmental strategy
- The Agenda 21: Chapter 28
- UEM Main menu item: Keywords
- Role of NGOs and other major groups