Policy Options: Message in a bottle
Roles of Major Stakeholders
in Integrated Coastal Management

Coastal/ocean users - eg. fisheries, tourism development and recreation, aquaculture, military, shipping and port operations, mining, subsistence activities, and offshore oil operations
  • Articulate their special needs and concerns regarding coastal ocean space and resources
  • Ensure stewardship of coastal ocean space and resources.
Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) - eg. women's organizations, religious groups, local and international environmental NGOs, and youth groups
  • Organize the community
  • Work with citizens to assess their main priorities and needs
  • Conduct community education programmes
  • Provide feedback to government agencies
  • Monitor and manage resources
  • Act as public advocates
  • Provide extensive loal knowledge about the quality and quantity of coastal resources and trends in their use.
  • Ensure stewardship of land and special habitats
  • Avoid erosion, floods and disasters.
Businesses situated in or near coastal areas
  • Provide capital for development projects, facilities, and equipment
  • Provide investments that elad to employment opportunities
  • Pay taxes that can be used to help finance coastal management.
Users of coastal and upland resources - eg. agriculturists, foresters, loggers, and miners.
  • Adopt sustainable, environmental benign soil management and water allocation practices.
Universities, scientific institutions, and other educational entities
  • Raise public awareness through outreach activities
  • Provide data and information for making informed management decisions
  • Develop special education and training programmes at all levels.
  • Serve as advocates for rational, scientifically based management of ocean and coastal resources.

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Comments and suggestions to - oceans@gdrc.org