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Localizing Agenda 21
The onus of implementing the key objective of Agenda 21, that of sustainable development, has been placed clearly on local governments and its constituent communities. The real roots of Agenda 21's success therefore lie at the micro, local level. Agenda 21 recognizes this by pointing out in Chapter 28 on a Local Agenda 21 (LA21) that " ... Local authorities construct, operate and maintain economic, social and environmental infrastructure, oversee planning processes, establish local environmental policies and regulations, and assist in implementing national and subnational environmental policies. As the level of governance closest to the people, they play a vital role in educating, mobilizing and responding to the public to promote sustainable development ... "

Planning and Development

Agenda 21

Monitoring and Evaluation
Click on any one of the four steps of Localizing Agenda 21

This section on "Localizing Agenda 21" is an effort to outline a four-step process by which a LA21 plan can be developed or improved. "Data Collection" gathers pertinent baseline information, on which future actions are based and evaluated. This information is used to develop a comprehensive environmental profile.; "Planning and Development" is the formulative stage where the information gathered is used to develop an environmental vision, state the goals and objectives, and output an environmental strategy; in the next stage - "Plan management,' a wide range of activities that involve various stakeholders and the community at large are initiated; "Monitoring and Evaluation" takes a critical view of the actions being taken and evaluates them against a set of indicators, and monitors the implementation of the LA21 Plan.

Each step is briefly explained, its goals and outputs indicated and additional online resources included to better understand the issues and processes involved. The four steps are, obviously, not mutually exclusive and there are overlapping and cyclical activities involved.

This section on 'Localizing Agenda 21' was compiled from examples of LA21 plans world-wide. Documents and reports on LA21 were also used to develop the four steps. Resources found elsewhere on the UEM Homepage were used to support the activities listed.

Localizing Agenda 21
| Data collection | Planning and Development | Monitoring and Evaluation | Plan Management |

Local Agenda 21
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Contact: Hari Srinivas -