AGENDA 21, CHAPTER 28

        LOCAL AUTHORITIES' INITIATIVES IN SUPPORT
                      OF AGENDA 21



NOTE:     This is a final, advanced version of a chapter of
          Agenda 21, as adopted by the Plenary in Rio de
          Janeiro, on June 14, 1992.  This document will be
          further edited, translated into the official
          languages, and published by the United Nations
          for the General Assembly this autumn.


                     PROGRAMME AREA

Basis for action

28.1.     Because so many of the problems and solutions
being addressed by Agenda 21 have their roots in local
activities, the participation and cooperation of local
authorities will be a determining factor in fulfilling its
objectives.  Local authorities construct, operate and
maintain economic, social and environmental infrastructure,
oversee planning processes, establish local environmental
policies and regulations, and assist in implementing
national and subnational environmental policies.  As the
level of governance closest to the people, they play a
vital role in educating, mobilizing and responding to the
public to promote sustainable development.

Objectives

28.2.  The following objectives are proposed for this
programme area:

     (a)  By 1996, most local authorities in each country
should have undertaken a consultative process with their
populations and achieved a consensus on "a local Agenda 21"
for the community;

     (b)  By 1993, the international community should have
initiated a consultative process aimed at increasing
cooperation between local authorities;

     (c)  By 1994, representatives of associations of
cities and other local authorities should have increased
levels of cooperation and coordination with the goal of
enhancing the exchange of information and experience among
local authorities;

     (d)  All local authorities in each country should be
encouraged to implement and monitor programmes which aim at
ensuring that women and youth are represented in
decision-making, planning and implementation processes.

Activities

28.3.  Each local authority should enter into a dialogue
with its citizens, local organizations and private
enterprises and adopt "a local Agenda 21".  Through
consultation and consensus-building, local authorities
would learn from citizens and from local, civic, community,
business and industrial organizations and acquire the
information needed for formulating the best strategies.
The process of consultation would increase household
awareness of sustainable development issues.  Local
authority programmes, policies, laws and regulations to
achieve Agenda 21 objectives would be assessed and
modified, based on local programmes adopted.  Strategies
could also be used in supporting proposals for local,
national, regional and international funding.

28.4.  Partnerships should be fostered among relevant
organs and organizations such as UNDP, the United Nations
Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) and UNEP, the World
Bank, regional banks, the International Union of Local
Authorities, the World Association of the Major
Metropolises, Summit of Great Cities of the World, the
United Towns Organization and other relevant partners, with
a view to mobilizing increased international support for
local authority programmes.  An important goal would be to
support, extend and improve existing institutions working
in the field of local authority capacity-building and local
environment management.  For this purpose:

     (a)  Habitat and other relevant organs and
organizations of the United Nations system are called upon
to strengthen services in collecting information on
strategies of local authorities, in particular for those
that need international support;

     (b)  Periodic consultations involving both
international partners and developing countries could
review strategies and consider how such international
support could best be mobilized.  Such a sectoral
consultation would complement concurrent country-focused
consultations, such as those taking place in consultative
groups and round tables.

28.5.  Representatives of associations of local authorities
are encouraged to establish processes to increase the
exchange of information, experience and mutual technical
assistance among local authorities.

Means of implementation

(a)  Financing and cost evaluation

28.6.  It is recommended that all parties reassess funding
needs in this area.  The UNCED Secretariat has estimated
the average total annual cost (1993-2000) for strengthening
international secretariat services for implementing the
activities in this chapter to be about $1 million on grant
or concessional terms.  These are indicative and order of
magnitude estimates only and have not been reviewed by
governments.

(b)  Human resource development and capacity-building

28.7.  This programme should facilitate the
capacity-building and training activities already contained
in other chapters of Agenda 21.


                         * * * *


====    ====    ====    ====    ====    ====    ====
Note 439      A21/29 Trade Unions
unced                             7:09 am  Jul 10, 1992

From: UNCED 
Subject: A21/29 Trade Unions

A-21: TRADE UNIONS




United Nations Conference on Environment & Development
Conference des Nations Unies sur l'Environnement
                   et le Developpement

160 Route de Florissant              Tel: (41-22)789-1676
P.O. Box: 80                         Fax: (41-22)789-3536
CH-1231 Conches           InterNet/EcoNet: unced@igc.org,
Switzerland                D41:tcn4091, GeoNet:mcr1:unced