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Guidelines for
Environmentally Sound Transportation

Guideline 1.
Develop a long-term vision of a desirable transport future that is sustainable for environment and health and provides the benefits of mobility and access.
Guideline 2.
Assess long-term transport trends, considering all aspects of transport, their health and environmental impacts, and the economic and social implications of continuing with 'business as usual'.
Guideline 3.
Define health and environmental quality objectives based on health and environmental criteria, standards, and sustainability requirements.
Guideline 4.
Set quantified, sector-specific targets derived from the environmental and health quality objectives, and set target dates and milestones.
Guideline 5.
Identify strategies to achieve EST and combinations of measures to ensure technological enhancement and changes in transport activity.
Guideline 6.
Assess the social and economic implications of the vision, and ensure they are consistent with social and economic sustainability.
Guideline 7.
Construct packages of measures and instruments for reaching the milestones and targets of EST. Highlight 'win-win' strategies incorporating, in particular, technology policy, infrastructure investment, pricing, transport demand and traffic management, improvement of public transport, and encouragement of walking and cycling; capture synergies (e.g., those contributing to improved road safety) and avoid counteracting effects among instruments.
Guideline 8.
Develop an implementation plan that involves the well-phased application of packages of instruments capable of achieving EST taking into account local, regional, and national circumstances. Set a clear timetable and assign responsibilities for implementation. Assess whether proposed policies, plans, and programmes contribute to or counteract EST in transport and associated sectors using tools such as Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA).
Guideline 9.
Set provisions for monitoring implementation and for public reporting on the EST strategy; use consistent, well-defined sustainable transport indicators to communicate the results; ensure follow-up action to adapt the strategy according to inputs received and new scientific evidence.
Guideline 10.
Build broad support and co-operation for implementing EST; involve concerned parties, ensure their active support and commitment, and enable broad public participation; raise public awareness and provide education programmes. Ensure that all actions are consistent with global responsibility for sustainable development.

Source: OECD, 2001

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