Climate Change and cities
CITIES ARE GROWING …
- Cities are growing much faster than overall population growth
- This means more people are moving to cities - more than half in most countries
- The density of urban neighbourhoods are also increasing
- Different people with different access to assets now live together - including the very poor
CITIES ARE BECOMING DIVERSE ...
- The diversity of cities stem from its residents - especially social and cultural.
- Urban diversity is social, but economic as well, including the presence of the informal sector, and physical - people living in different kinds of communities, including slums
- As the diversity of cities increases, the need for different resources also increases
CITIES ARE DEMANDING MORE ...
- Increasing urban populations mean that more resources are needed - whether to build their homes and workplaces, or to commute.
- Demand for urban goods and services are increasing
- Production and consumption points are becoming further separated
CITIES ARE DEGRADING ...
- Urban production and consumption not only need resources, they also produce different kinds of gaseous, liquid and solid wastes
- GHG emissions are increasing as a result
- The impact on urban quality of life is negative
- These emissions and wastes are a problem on their own, but also increase urban risks.
CITIES ARE BECOMING RISKIER ...
- Urban processes are creating a number of risks for its residents, and exacerbating other risks (including climate-related)
- Capacities to manage and mitigate these risks are low or simply not there
- People are living in areas that would have been considered 'risky'
- Risks are increasing, but people are becoming risk-averse: everyday problems take priority over a problem that may not occur!
CITIES NEED TO BE RESTORED ...
- Cities can diminish the human causes of climate change (by taking mitigation and adaptation
- Restoring cities to their full potential will depend on making them socially vibrant, economically viable and environmentally sustainable
CITIES WILL FIND SOLUTIONS ...
- The concentration of decision-making power and financial resources in cities will make it easier to find solutions
- Solutions will be found in: GOVERNANCE - appropriate sets of policies and strategies, backed by laws, rules and regulations; EDUCATION - better understanding and awareness of the consequences of daily lives; TECHNOLOGY - solutions that include capacities and skills to use tech; and FINANCE - a diverse set of economic and financial instruments for different purposes
... are both a problem,
and a solution!