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Urban Environmental Management

Slums and Squatters
   Urban Slums and

   Squatter Settlements

Cities, poverty and people: Adopting a rational approach


Manifestation of income and other gaps in health, education, skills, etc. can be seen in slums and squatter settlements of most urban areas in developing countries. Slums are not 'problems' that have to be 'solved' - but are indeed a result of lopsided and vested urban policies covering land ownership, infrastructure provision and maintenance, and other socio-economic issues. And for the poor, they represent a solution.

GDRC
Research
Output

Slums and squatter settlements represent a series of trade-offs between -
poor living quality
and
close proximity to jobs and markets
poor quality of houses
and
low affordable investment in housing
no housing
and
tenural insecurity
no access to infrastructure
and
informal and intermitent supply of urban services


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Contact: Hari Srinivas - hsrinivas@gdrc.org
 
Between World Habitat Day on 3 October, and World Cities Day on 30 October, the world community celebrates "Urban October" - a series of events and campaigns to promote a better urban future. Urban October was developed to raise awareness, promote participation, generate knowledge and engage the international community towards a New Urban Agenda, in 31 days of promoting a Better Urban Future.

Almost half of the population of Mumbai (Bombay) live in slums or on pavements. UN-Habitat states that worldwide, the number of people living in slum conditions is now estimated at 863 million, in contrast to 760 million in 2000 and 650 million in 1990.